To become a Radiologist in South Africa, students should focus on specific subjects from Grade 10 through Grade 12. Here’s a detailed guide on the subjects required, APS score requirements, and additional insights for aspiring radiologists.

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Grade 10 Subjects Required

In Grade 10, students should choose subjects that lay a strong foundation in sciences and mathematics, essential for a career in radiology. These subjects include:

  • Mathematics: Critical for problem-solving and understanding complex medical concepts.
  • Physical Sciences: Provides a foundation in physics and chemistry, essential for understanding medical imaging techniques.
  • Life Sciences: Crucial for understanding human biology, anatomy, and physiology.
  • Information Technology (IT): Useful for developing skills in data management and understanding medical software.
  • English: Strong communication skills are essential for interpreting and conveying medical information accurately.

Grade 12 Subjects Required

Continuing with these subjects into Grade 12 is crucial. At this stage, students should aim to excel in the following:

  • Mathematics: Advanced mathematical skills are essential for precise calculations and data analysis in medical imaging.
  • Physical Sciences: In-depth understanding of physics principles, especially those related to radiation and imaging technology.
  • Life Sciences: Advanced knowledge of human anatomy, physiology, and cellular biology.
  • Information Technology (IT): Skills in handling medical software and digital imaging systems.
  • English: Proficiency in communication, critical for patient interaction and report writing.

APS Score Requirements

For entry into medical school programs in South Africa, which is the first step towards becoming a radiologist, students typically need to meet certain APS (Admission Point Score) requirements. These can vary by institution, but a general guideline is:

Further Education and Training

After completing Grade 12, aspiring radiologists can pursue further education and training at:

  • Medical School: Completion of an MBChB degree, which typically takes six years.
  • Internship and Community Service: Two years of practical training in hospitals.
  • Specialization in Radiology: Postgraduate training in radiology, which takes an additional four to five years.
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Can I Still Become a Radiologist in South Africa Without These Subjects?


Mathematics is crucial for radiologists, as it involves precise calculations and data analysis in medical imaging. If you didn’t take Mathematics or struggled with it, this might pose challenges in understanding and applying complex imaging techniques. However, many South African universities and TVET colleges offer bridging courses to help you develop these skills.

Key Point: Not having advanced Mathematics can be a disadvantage, but supplementary courses and practical experience can help you catch up.

Physical Sciences

Physical Sciences provides an in-depth understanding of physics principles, especially those related to radiation and imaging technology, which are essential for radiologists. If you didn’t take Physical Sciences, you might find certain aspects of radiology challenging. However, targeted learning through additional courses at universities or online platforms can help you gain the necessary knowledge.

Key Point: Lack of Physical Sciences background can be mitigated through targeted learning and practical experience.

Life Sciences

Life Sciences is crucial for radiologists as it includes advanced knowledge of human anatomy, physiology, and cellular biology. If you didn’t take Life Sciences, you might struggle with understanding complex medical concepts and patient conditions. However, many South African universities offer bridging programs and foundational courses in Life Sciences to help you catch up.

Key Point: Life Sciences is essential, but you can build this knowledge through additional education and practical training.

Information Technology (IT)

Information Technology (IT) skills, particularly in handling medical software and digital imaging systems, are increasingly important for modern radiologists. If you didn’t take IT, you might struggle with the technological aspects of radiology. However, there are many resources available to learn these skills, including online courses and software tutorials.

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Key Point: IT skills are essential, but you can learn to use medical software and imaging systems through online courses and practical experience.


Proficiency in English is crucial for radiologists in South Africa. Effective communication is vital for patient interaction, report writing, and understanding scientific literature. Poor English skills can hinder your ability to work effectively with patients and colleagues. Improving your English through courses at local institutions or online resources is essential.

Key Point: Essential for effective communication and practice in radiology.

Qualifications for Becoming a Radiologist in South Africa

  1. Bachelor’s Degree in Medicine (MBChB): Institutions like the University of Pretoria, University of Cape Town, and Stellenbosch University offer comprehensive medical programs that cover all essential subjects, including anatomy, physiology, and medical ethics.
  2. Internship and Community Service: After completing your MBChB, you must complete a two-year internship and one-year community service to gain practical experience.
  3. Specialist Training in Radiology: After your internship and community service, you need to enroll in a specialist training program in radiology, which typically lasts four years and includes both theoretical and practical components. Universities like the University of the Witwatersrand and the University of Pretoria offer these programs.
  4. Registration with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA): After completing your specialist training, you must register with the HPCSA to practice as a radiologist.
  5. Continuous Professional Development (CPD): Engaging in ongoing education through workshops, seminars, and advanced courses to stay updated with the latest practices in radiology.

Bachelor of Diagnostic Radiography

University of Johannesburg (UJ)

  • Program: Bachelor of Diagnostic Radiography
  • Overview: This program equips students with the skills and knowledge required for the practice of diagnostic radiography, involving the use of imaging to diagnose diseases and injuries.
  • Website: UJ Radiography Undergraduate Programmes
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University of Pretoria (UP)

  • Program: BRad in Diagnostics
  • Overview: This course focuses on the technical and professional aspects of diagnostic radiography, preparing students for careers in medical imaging.
  • Website: UP BRad in Diagnostics

Nelson Mandela University (NMU)

  • Program: Bachelor of Radiography in Diagnostics
  • Overview: The program provides comprehensive training in diagnostic radiography, including practical and theoretical components.
  • Website: NMU Radiography

University of Cape Town (UCT)

  • Program: Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery with Radiology
  • Overview: UCT offers a robust radiology program integrated with medical training, focusing on diagnostic and therapeutic radiology.
  • Website: UCT Radiology

Durban University of Technology (DUT)

  • Program: Bachelor of Health Sciences in Radiography
  • Overview: This program at DUT provides in-depth training in the field of radiography, with a focus on diagnostic imaging.
  • Website: DUT Radiography

University of the Free State (UFS)

  • Program: Bachelor of Radiography
  • Overview: UFS offers a detailed radiography program that prepares students for various roles in medical imaging and diagnostic radiology.
  • Website: UFS Radiology