What subjects are needed to become an actuary in South Africa?

To become an actuary in South Africa, you need to focus on Mathematics, Physical Sciences, English, and Information Technology or Computer Studies in high school (grades 10 to 12). These subjects provide the foundational skills essential for actuarial science studies at university. Additionally, subjects like Economics and Accounting are beneficial to develop relevant knowledge and analytical skills.

To become an actuary in South Africa, you’ll need to focus on high school subjects that lay the groundwork for the rigorous actuarial science degree program. Here’s an in-depth look at the critical subjects and why they are essential:

Core Subjects required for Grade 10 -12


  • Importance: Mathematics is the bedrock of actuarial science. Actuaries rely heavily on advanced mathematical concepts to analyze financial risks and forecast potential outcomes. In high school, you should opt for Pure Mathematics rather than Mathematical Literacy to develop strong analytical and quantitative skills.
  • Topics to Master: Algebra, calculus, statistics, and geometry will be vital, as these are foundational concepts for later actuarial studies.

Physical Sciences:

  • Importance: While not directly applied in actuarial science, Physical Sciences (Physics and Chemistry) help develop problem-solving and logical reasoning abilities. They also train you to approach complex problems systematically, skills essential for an actuary.
  • Topics to Master: Focus on understanding the scientific method, physics principles, and the chemical processes relevant to logical reasoning.


  • Importance: Strong communication skills are crucial for actuaries, who must convey complex financial data to stakeholders. Excelling in English helps you sharpen your writing and speaking skills, allowing for effective reporting and presentation.
  • Areas to Develop: Improve your grammar, vocabulary, essay writing, and comprehension skills.
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Information Technology or Computer Studies:

  • Importance: As actuarial work increasingly involves data analysis and programming, understanding computing fundamentals is valuable. Knowledge of IT helps actuaries utilize software tools to solve complex problems efficiently.
  • Skills to Build: Learn basic coding, data management, and the use of spreadsheet tools.

Supplementary Subjects Worth Considering


  • Importance: Economics gives you insights into market behavior, financial systems, and global economic trends. Understanding these concepts aids in assessing the impact of economic changes on risk and insurance.


  • Importance: Familiarity with accounting principles can help in interpreting financial statements and understanding business structures, both crucial when calculating risks for corporate clients.

Preparing for Actuarial Science Studies

University Prerequisites:

  • Most universities require a high score in Mathematics for admission to actuarial programs. A solid performance in Physical Sciences and English will also bolster your application.

Extracurricular Preparation:

  • Consider joining math or science clubs and participating in related competitions. Such activities will help hone your problem-solving skills.

Final Thoughts

Choosing these subjects will help you build a robust academic foundation for your actuarial science degree. Remember, actuarial studies are demanding but offer a rewarding career. As the famous physicist Albert Einstein said, “In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity.” Embrace the challenge, and it will undoubtedly open doors to exciting professional opportunities.