What Subjects do you need to become a Teacher in SA:

To clarify, there are two categories of high school subjects to consider if you’re aiming to become a teacher in South Africa:

a) Required High School Subjects: These are the subjects you need to take in high school to qualify for a teaching program at the tertiary level. They include:

  • English Home Language: Critical for proficiency in the medium of instruction.
  • Mathematics: Necessary for pursuing specializations in mathematics, sciences, or technological subjects. Alternatively, Mathematical Literacy is accepted for less math-intensive teaching areas.
  • Second South African Language: Useful for communication and instruction in bilingual or multilingual settings.

b) Subjects You Wish to Teach: If you have specific interests in certain teaching fields, choose corresponding high school subjects that align with these interests. For example:

  • Physical Sciences: Required if you want to teach Physics or Chemistry at the secondary level.
  • Life Sciences: Essential for those looking to teach Biology.
  • Geography, History, Accounting, or Business Studies: These should be included in your high school curriculum if you aim to teach any of these subjects.

Choosing high school subjects strategically not only meets the prerequisites for tertiary education programs but also prepares you for specialization in certain teaching areas.

APS Score for Education Programs

To gain admission into education programs, universities calculate an Admission Points Score (APS) based on your Matric results. The APS requirements can vary by institution and specific program, but typically, education programs require a moderate APS. For instance, an APS of around 24 to 30 might be needed, depending on the university and the nature of the Education program.

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Degree Requirements

For a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) degree, which is the standard qualification to become a teacher in South Africa, you will need to choose a specialization based on the school level (Foundation Phase, Intermediate Phase, Senior Phase, and Further Education and Training (FET)) and/or the subjects you wish to teach.

Top Institutions for Teacher Education in South Africa

  1. University of Pretoria (UP) – Offers a variety of B.Ed degrees specializing in early childhood, foundation, intermediate, senior phase, and further education and training teaching.
  2. University of the Witwatersrand (Wits University) – Provides a comprehensive B.Ed program and PGCE for various teaching phases and subjects.
  3. University of Cape Town (UCT) – Known for its high academic standards, UCT offers a PGCE for graduates who want to move into the teaching profession.
  4. Stellenbosch University – Offers B.Ed degrees focusing on primary and high school education, as well as a PGCE.
  5. North-West University (NWU) – Provides a diverse range of educational qualifications, including B.Ed in foundation, intermediate, and senior phase teaching.
  6. University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) – Offers B.Ed programs and a PGCE with options to specialize in various teaching phases.
  7. University of Johannesburg (UJ) – Offers B.Ed programs that prepare students for teaching in specific school phases, along with PGCE options.
  8. Rhodes University – Known for producing high-quality educators, offering a B.Ed and a PGCE with small class sizes and a focus on individual attention.

Practical Experience

It’s also beneficial to gain experience working with children or volunteering in educational settings, as this can provide practical skills and enhance your application to educational programs.

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By focusing on these areas and preparing through relevant high school subjects and extracurricular experiences, you can set a strong foundation for a successful career in teaching.


What subjects are needed to become a high school teacher

To become a high school teacher in South Africa, you typically need to specialize in subject areas that you intend to teach, such as Mathematics, Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, Geography, History, or Languages.

What subjects are needed to become a primary school teacher

To become a primary school teacher, it is recommended to focus on broader subjects that encompass a range of foundational knowledge, such as Mathematics, Languages, Social Sciences, and Natural Sciences.

What subjects are needed to become a foundation phase teacher

To become a foundation phase teacher, dealing with grades R-3, you should focus on subjects that prepare you for teaching early literacy, numeracy, and life skills, such as Early Childhood Development and Foundation Phase Teaching.